Timing Your Home Improvement Projects

Many real estate investors and homeowners perceive the ‘what to do’ as the biggest challenge in successful home improvement projects, but timing can be just as critical.

Get the order of your scope of work wrong and you’ll see returns drop, projects taking a lot longer than expected, and of course plenty of increased frustration, if not sabotaging your project altogether.

Budget is a big part of this. If there are big uncertainties about the vastness and costs of a potential item like electrical wiring or plumbing you might want to tackle those early. It would be terrible to paint and put in new cabinets or marble bathrooms and glass enclosed showers only to have to rip everything back out and redo it later because a home’s wiring or plumbing need to be completely replaced.

However, this extends down to smaller things too. For example; painting the roof or the walls first, or when to install flooring, as well as even when to bring new appliances or materials on site when they could be damaged by different contracting teams or even stolen.

There are also frequent debates about when to begin advertising or showing a home for sale when you are rehabbing or making over a property. Some want to wait until everything is complete. This can have its advantages, but so can marketing from day one to capture additional buyers and perhaps sell quickly before more money is invested and holding costs begin to eat away at profit margins.

With this in mind; while some might instinctively feel they ought to worry about cosmetics first; it is often the more daunting structural issues which scare off most buyers and can have the most positive impact on home improvement projects.

In fact, many in the market for buying a home may rather pay a little less for a property and add the finishing cosmetic design touches that really fit their tastes rather than paying for them to be redone as soon as they close on the place. Therefore, it is important to familiarize yourself with the most in demand features.

So before you pick up that hammer or paint brush, place that order, or head off to Home Depot again; make sure your home renovation time line is tweaked and ready to ensure a smooth project, while maximizing potential returns and net proceeds from the sale.

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Do I Really Need A Building Permit?

What home improvements require building permits?

Which remodeling items do and don’t need to have permits? Why do permits even exist? How are many real estate investors sabotaging themselves by ignoring the importance of this piece of paper to their profits?

Home Remodeling Projects that Require Building Permits

Home improvement and renovation projects which often require permit approval include:

  • Aesthetic changes to the exterior
  • Structural changes
  • Demolition
  • Adding sheds and alternative structures
  • Finishing basements and attics
  • Moving or adding outlets or plumbing fixtures
  • New roofs
  • Converting garages
  • Additions to a home
  • Swimming pools
  • New electrical systems, including solar
  • Like real estate, all building codes and permit regulations are local. Each authority adopts its own codes. Some are completely customized, but most simply adopt variations of international standards. Exact codes may vary by state, county, and city.

Why Do Building Permits Exist?

The very first records of building codes date back almost 4,000 years. They were originally created to ensure safety for consumers, and ethics and quality of work among builders. This is still the basis for having building codes, and requiring builders, licensed contractors, and property owners to obtain approvals and live up to them. Some estimates put the average cost of obtaining a permit in the range of $400 and $1,400. Permits also alert taxing authorities to property improvements, and potential tax increase opportunities. So this certainly makes permitting a significant source of income for local government. At their various levels, building codes also preserve the look of communities, and control who can build what, what it can look like, and what materials can be used.

What Remodeling Projects May Not Need Permits?

Popular home improvements which often don’t require building permits include:

  • Painting the inside or outside of a home
  • New kitchen cabinets
  • Changing existing plumbing fixtures
  • Replacing water heaters and AC units
  • New fans and light switches
  • Installing basic alarm systems
  • New phone lines
  • Putting in new flooring
  • Screening existing covered outdoor spaces
  • Recoating driveways

It is important not to assume you won’t need a permit. Some authorities put a maximum dollar amount on improvements which can be made annually without a permit. Low end cosmetic remodels may not trip these limits. Luxury home remodels may go over these limits with just a few square feet of tile or new quartz countertops.

How to Get a Building Permit

Getting a building permit can be a pain. It can appear to add extra time and costs. It can also be easier and less painless than many homeowners and real estate investors expect.

The exact process will differ from area to area, but will generally include:

  • Obtaining the application online or in person at the building department
  • Submitting detailed plans
  • Paying the applicable fees in advance
  • Fulfilling any final inspections after work is completed
  • There are also third party permit services which can help expedite the process. Most contractors involved will also be happy to handle the permit process in order to gain your business.

The Dangers of Buying and Remodeling Properties without Permits

Work done without permits, when they are required, is illegal. Illegal improvements can be catastrophic for property owners. It doesn’t matter who did the work, the responsibility and liability is on the current owner.

The potential penalties include:

  • Code violations
  • Fines and daily interest penalties
  • Liens against your property
  • Inability to sell the property
  • Condemnation
  • Seizure by eminent domain
  • Inability to obtain financing, or withdrawal of loans made

Do not underestimate how severe these penalties can be. Some have faced liens of tens of thousands of dollars against their properties.

Building Permits & Real Estate Investing

Whenever building permits are required, real estate investors need to get them. It is just not worth the risk to forgo them. There may be appealing investment opportunities in properties with illegal garage conversions, and other unpermitted work. Experienced investors with good real estate attorneys may find hidden profits in these deals, but tread carefully.

Permits cost money, can take a month – or several – to obtain, and can trigger increased tax assessments and property taxes. For some investors who hope to fix and flip houses in less than a month, it may be necessary to avoid improvements which require permits. Those with the capital and tolerance for much longer hold times – or who plan to and lease them – may be able to find profits others have to pass on.

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